Dwarf Pines in the Jungle...
08 May 2019 - by Rachel Bannon

Dwarf Pines in the Jungle...

Conifers, and their largest family 'Pines' are cone bearing plants, some are trees and some are shrubs. Pines are trees in the genus Pinus (meaning 'resin' in Latin) in the family Pinaceae and are the only genus in the order Pinales. In Japan they represent 'permanence and longevity', and we know that the Japanese way is to promote a 'less-is-more' look. So, although slow growing, larger pines will become a BIG part of the landscape over time...

Enter Dwarf Pines. With all the benefits of larger pines, they're evergreen and very attractive, and will add texture and colour all year round where your deciduous trees and plants will loose their leaves, and they're easy to manage. Larger pines could eventually take over and become towering giants in your gardens, however these will perfectly suit a smaller area where space is limited such as near patios, borders, building and entrances.  

Care? They like cool, moist (but well-draining) soil - you can achieve this by placing bark/mulch around the base. Be sure to water throughout dry spells. Depending on the variety, many conifers prefer shady areas, but some speciality conifers require full sun.

Here are some of the varieties available at UJ Suffolk now...  

1. Pinus densiflora 'Haybud'. Dwarf Japanese Red Pine. 

pinus densiflora

pinus densiflora

This is one of the “classic” old-world, 2-needled, hard pines and has been one of the most important species used in Japanese architecture as well as being one of the more popular ornamental pines, used as such in Japan since ancient times and now widely planted in Europe and North America.

Japanese Red pine is an evergreen coniferous tree which grows straight to contorted (particularly in coastal settings) with an umbrella-shaped crown. 

2. Pinus mugo 'Ophir'. Dwarf Mountain Pine. 

pinus mugo

Dwarf Mountain Pines will attract Songbirds and capture a pleasant visual attraction. They are resistant to Deer, can tolerate drought, are not prone to many diseases, and are very low maintenance.  They do, however, respond nicely to some degree of shaping. 

This dwarf rounded conifer with short, dense, light-green, needle like leaves that turn golden-yellow in winter. Max height 60cm. Full sun, frost hardy, back-fill with soil mixed with a peat substitute and suitable fertiliser. 

3. Pinus strobus 'Blue Shag' 

pinus strobus blue shag

Pinus strobus, commonly called Eastern white pine, is a rapid-growing, long-lived, needled evergreen tree. It's pyramid in shape when young, and matures to a broad shape with an irregular crown. 

Eastern White Pine which has been developed to be suitable for small gardens and is fully hardy in all parts of the UK. Pinus Strobus Blue Shag will grow to a mature height and spread of just 1.5 metres in 10 years

4. Pinus sylvestris. Scots Pine. 

Pinus sylvestris. Scots Pine.

Scots pine is an evergreen conifer native to northern Europe, and is one of just three conifers native to the UK. The needle-like leaves are blue-green and slightly twisted, the bark is a scaly orange-brown, which develops plates and fissures with age. Pinus sylvestris is monoecious, which means both male and female flowers grow on the same tree. The male flowers comprise of clusters of yellow anthers at the base of shoots and the female flowers are small, red-purple and globular, and grow at the tips of new shoots.

Visit Urban Jungle Suffolk and Norfolk to view our full range of pines and conifers. 

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