|Grow as a houseplant or under heated glass.
|10 to 15C+
|Indoor / Outdoor
|Grow indoors, or outdoors in summer in a sheltered spot
|5 to 10C
|Grow outdoors in summer, and in a heated glasshouse in winter.
|1 to 5C
|Grow outdoors or under glass without risk of frost.
|-5 to 1C
|Hardy in coastal/mild/sheltered areas. Will not tolerate hard/sudden frost. May require winter protection in situ. such as fleece or straw mulch.
|-10 to -5C
|May suffer at altitude, central/northerly locations, harsh winters, cold gardens and when grown in pots.
|-15 to -10C+
|Will survive most severe winters but may be at risk in central/northerly locations and in pots. Top growth may be destroyed but will usually re-grow.
|-20 to -15C
|Will survive severe winter, but may need protection when grown in pots.
|-20C & Colder
|Very Hardy / Hardy
|in the severest European climates.
7 In stock
‘Mediterranean Strawberry Tree’, ‘Madrona’
Originating from the Mediterranean
A plant that truly ‘pays the rent’. The ‘Mediterranean Strawberry Tree’ looks good at all times of the year with constantly changing looks, all against a backdrop of dark green glossy leaves. The dense foliage can form a shrub when the plant is young making a good screen at lower levels, ideal for blocking views of fences, oil tanks, sheds, or other utilitarian aspects of gardens. As the plant matures it will naturally develop a canopy of lush foliage, with dense leaf growth higher up in the plant, exposing some of the trunk and branches, however simple pruning or hedge trimming while the plant is young will keep the shrubby dense foliage at a lower level, making a hedge or a single rounded bushy shape. Alternatively, the lower foliage and branches may be removed to reveal its architectural framework of rich cinnamon/burgundy-colored trunk and branches, and depending on the plant selected its single or multi-trunked habit. Using this method you can create whatever shape of plant you desire. The top growth may be pruned as well, either to make a soft canopy or in a more extreme style, a cloud-pruned shape. The outstanding quality of this hybrid between A. unedo and Arbutus andrachne (the ‘Grecian Strawberry Tree’) is its peeling dark reddish-brown bark. Falling away naturally as the tree grows, it reveals a layer of smooth and richly coloured orange/burgundy young bark beneath, which certainly warrants pruning of lower branches and foliage, in order to show off the amazing and ever-changing colours of the trunk and branches.
Arbutus produce a floral display when few other plants are contributing colour to the garden. This can be at any time from late summer, through autumn and even into winter and early spring. Bunches of pink-flushed bell-shaped flowers hang in racemes all over the tree, making an impressive display in profusion, and visible from a distance, standing out against the dark backdrop of glossy foliage. The flowers are followed by fruit that starts off green, slowly ripening to have pinky tones, at which stage we are sure they resemble lychees more than strawberries! During the summer months, the fruits take on a yellow colour and finally turn a strong bright red, at which stage they may be eaten. The flesh does have a texture similar to lychee with plenty of sweetness, but lacking any tangy citrus edge. In Portugal a drink is distilled from the fruit called Madrona, which is reputedly a rough ‘firewater’ vodka-type strong alcoholic shot. Birds of all kinds do enjoy the fruit, so you may need to be quick. Fruits at varying stages of ripening may be present on the tree at the same time, making a red/yellow and green/pink flushed display. They may well persist on the tree until the following season’s flowers appear, making a stunning display.
A plant with so much adaptability, multi-seasonal displays, easy to grow, and with such an abundance of attractive features is rare and possibly unparalleled in horticulture. To add to this, Arbutus is happy on most soil types, even poor sandy ones. They will tolerate chalky soil, part shade, and dry conditions. One of the healthiest plants we have seen grows only 150m from the seafront in Great Yarmouth, so they are happy in coastal exposure. We know many specimens that survived through the worst recent winters of 2009 – 2011 with only superficial damage to branch tips and leaf growth.
Height and spread after 3 – 4 years 1.5m x 1.5m
Semi mature height and spread, if not pruned, after 6 – 8 years 3m x 2.5m
Potential height and spread after 15 – 20 years 6m x 6m