|Grow as a houseplant or under heated glass.
|10 to 15C+
|Indoor / Outdoor
|Grow indoors, or outdoors in summer in a sheltered spot
|5 to 10C
|Grow outdoors in summer, and in a heated glasshouse in winter.
|1 to 5C
|Grow outdoors or under glass without risk of frost.
|-5 to 1C
|Hardy in coastal/mild/sheltered areas. Will not tolerate hard/sudden frost. May require winter protection in situ. such as fleece or straw mulch.
|-10 to -5C
|May suffer at altitude, central/northerly locations, harsh winters, cold gardens and when grown in pots.
|-15 to -10C+
|Will survive most severe winters but may be at risk in central/northerly locations and in pots. Top growth may be destroyed but will usually re-grow.
|-20 to -15C
|Will survive severe winter, but may need protection when grown in pots.
|-20C & Colder
|Very Hardy / Hardy
|in the severest European climates.
Originating from China.
This cultivar was propagated from a tree originally grown from seed collected in Kaolan, Gansu, China. It has shining, rich red/brown bark with few white markings or lenticels, which appears to peel in wide sections, unlike some other forms that have a ‘shaggy’ look with many short peeling strips. The dense crown of mid-green, oval tapering leaves turns bright yellow in autumn. The tree has a slender shape when young, which broadens with age to form a wide crown.
Height and spread after 5 – 6 years 3m x 1.5m
Semi mature Height and spread after 12 – 15 years if not pruned 6m x 4m
Potential mature size after 20 – 25 years 12m x 8m