|1||15C+||Indoor||Grow as a houseplant or under heated glass.|
|2||10 to 15C+||Indoor / Outdoor||Grow indoors, or outdoors in summer in a sheltered spot|
|3||5 to 10C||Tender||Grow outdoors in summer, and in a heated glasshouse in winter.|
|4||1 to 5C||Tender||Grow outdoors or under glass without risk of frost.|
|5||-5 to 1C||Half-Hardy||Hardy in coastal/mild/sheltered areas. Will not tolerate hard/sudden frost. May require winter protection in situ. such as fleece or straw mulch.|
|6||-10 to -5C||Hardy||May suffer at altitude, central/northerly locations, harsh winters, cold gardens and when grown in pots.|
|7||-15 to -10C+||Hardy||Will survive most severe winters but may be at risk in central/northerly locations and in pots. Top growth may be destroyed but will usually re-grow.|
|8||-20 to -15C||Hardy||Will survive severe winter, but may need protection when grown in pots.|
|9||-20C & Colder||Very Hardy / Hardy||in the severest European climates.|
14 In stock
Originating from Northern hemisphere
A handsome, native, evergreen fern with two distinct types of frond. The first are glossy, leathery pinnate up to 60cm long, forming a flattened rosette. These are the fronds that photosynthesise to produce food for the plant. The other type of frond is concerned with reproduction, and held vertically, like a ladder, hence the common name. These are produced late in the season and do not persist throughout the year, unlike the evergreen sterile fronds.
Grow in humus rich soil in shade. Acid lover but does well in our neutral soil.
Height and spread after 2 – 3 years 50cm x 50cm