|1||15C+||Indoor||Grow as a houseplant or under heated glass.|
|2||10 to 15C+||Indoor / Outdoor||Grow indoors, or outdoors in summer in a sheltered spot|
|3||5 to 10C||Tender||Grow outdoors in summer, and in a heated glasshouse in winter.|
|4||1 to 5C||Tender||Grow outdoors or under glass without risk of frost.|
|5||-5 to 1C||Half-Hardy||Hardy in coastal/mild/sheltered areas. Will not tolerate hard/sudden frost. May require winter protection in situ. such as fleece or straw mulch.|
|6||-10 to -5C||Hardy||May suffer at altitude, central/northerly locations, harsh winters, cold gardens and when grown in pots.|
|7||-15 to -10C+||Hardy||Will survive most severe winters but may be at risk in central/northerly locations and in pots. Top growth may be destroyed but will usually re-grow.|
|8||-20 to -15C||Hardy||Will survive severe winter, but may need protection when grown in pots.|
|9||-20C & Colder||Very Hardy / Hardy||in the severest European climates.|
Originating from China and Japan
A handsome small but very architectural tree with a large, rounded crown, from China and Japan. The leaves are large, long, leathery, dark green and strongly veined. New leaves emerge covered in a golden brown down. In warmer climates the tree produces flowers in winter and small golden yellow delicious fruits in summer.
Although fruit production is very rare in the UK it is not unknown and reasonable size crops have been reported from sheltered London gardens.
Grow in fertile, well-drained soil in sun.
Height and spread after 3 – 4 years 1.8m x 1.2m
Semi mature height and spread after 7 – 8 years if not clipped or pruned 3m x 3m
Potential mature height and spread after 15 – 20 years 5m x 4m